Off-roading is a world all its own, and with it comes a vast dictionary of terminology not quite suited to the everyman. If rough and ready rides like the 2020 Jeep Gladiator pickup truck intrigue you, you may want to brush up on your off-roading terms.
The crawl ratio is perhaps the most complex of basic off-roading terms. It can be defined as the ratio of torque at the wheel to torque at the engine’s flywheel (which stores rotational energy). Three parts affect the crawl ratio, including the transmission, transfer case and differential. As a general rule of thumb, high crawl rations mean a vehicle is better suited to haul heavy loads, complete steep ascents and tackle big obstacles.
The 2020 Jeep Gladiator with automatic transmission has an impressive crawl ratio of 77.2:1.
When you think of the approach angle, you think of the level of clearance a vehicle will have when approaching a hill, ascent or obstacle of some kind. Take note of the ground level as well as the measurement between the front tire and bumper; the angle between these lines is your approach angle. Taking on any obstacle that causes you to exceed your approach angle will mean scuffing your bumper, or worse.
The Gladiator’s approach angle is a solid 43.6 degrees.
A departure angle is much like the approach angle, except it takes place on the way out of an obstacle or hill. The measurement has to do with your rear tire, rear bumper and ground level.
A 26-degree departure angle makes the Gladiator a solid contender.
The breakover angle is the maximum angle a vehicle can have one rear and one front wheel off the ground without getting stuck. The higher the breakover angle, the better a vehicle is suited to maneuvering uneven terrain.
The Gladiator pickup truck is about 30 inches longer than its sibling, the Wrangler. As such, its breakover angle suffers a bit, bringing it to 20.3 degrees. However, choose to lift your Gladiator and you’ll enhance its breakover angle tremendously.
Ground clearance is a simple term. It refers to how many inches your vehicle can clear below the lowest part of the ride’s frame.
The Gladiator’s ground clearance rests at an off-road ready 11.1 inches.
For automotives, the differential acts as a way for pairs of wheels to rotate at different speeds. On the other hand, a locking differential allows both wheels in a pair to travel simultaneously. That way, when a single wheel loses traction, the other can continue to spin and make moves.
The Gladiator equips an electronic locking rear differential.
These Off-Roading Terms Will Have You Ready
Now that you know just what an off-road vehicle can deliver, it’s time to get out there and explore the world around you. When the 2020 Jeep Gladiator pickup truck finally hits the roads, you’ll be able to do so with a fly off-roading pickup truck to your name.